The Moon is Down - Suggestions for Further Reading

Clancy, Charles J. "Steinbeck's The Moon Is Down." A Study Guide to Steinbeck: A Handbook to His Major Works (Part II). Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow, 1979. 100-21.

An analysis of the novel includes a discussion of its background, a plot synopsis, a critical explication, questions for discussion, topics for research papers, and a selected bibliography.

Coers, Donald. John Steinbeck as Propagandist: The Moon Is Down Goes to War. Tuscaloosa, AL: U of Alabama P, 1991.

Finding evidence that The Moon Is Down was popular reading and effective propaganda in Nazi-occupied Europe during World War II, but largely ignored during the subsequent 50 years, Coers traces the book's controversial American critical reception and the warm acceptance by the Europeans.

Hayashi, Tetsumaro. "Dr. Winter's Dramatic Functions in The Moon Is Down." Steinbeck's World War II Fiction, The Moon Is Down: Three Explication. Muncie, IN: Steinbeck Research Institute, Ball State U, 1986. 31-41.

By juxtaposing Dr. Winter, the physician/ historian with Mayor Orden, the politician/ humanist, in confrontation with tyranny, Steinbeck exposes the mayor's weakness and places Dr. Winter, the healer, in contrast with Colonel Lanser, the destroyer. The doctor serves as a chorus that "identifies the mentality of the invaders with the relentless movement of time," and further represents the seasons, his name implying that, though the moon is down, the sun shall rise again. Thus Dr. Winter becomes "the sustaining metaphor of the life-giving and life-sustaining forces in the universe."

Historical background on Operation Braddock, subversive war tactics inspired by The Moon Is Down.