Travels with Charley - Cultural References

Setting | Character Summaries| Plot Synopsis | Critical Reception
Cultural References | Key Terms and Concepts

  • William L. Shirer 's Rise and Fall of the Third Reich: A journalistic view of the rise of Nazi Germany, highly acclaimed for its accuracy and scope (27).View excerpts from Shirer's Rise and Fall of the Third Reich.

  • "Teen Angel" Song from 1960: A song performed by Mark Dinning, the song chronicles a tragic event that happens to a teenage girl and was immensely popular during the early 1960's (28). Read the lyrics and some fun facts about the song Teen Angel.

  • The Spectator founded by Joseph Addison and Richard Steele (1711), later edited by Henry Morley: Born during the 1800's, Henry Morley was a respected author and lecturer who edited the classic work The Spectator so that it was readable for a wide audience (30).

  • Joseph Addison:  Born in the 1600's, English author Joseph Addison is most famous for founding The Spectator with Richard Steele.  He was also an accomplished essayist and poet (30). 

  • Robert E. Peary:  Peary claims to be the first person to have reached the North Pole.  This claim is still debated today as there is no solid proof (47).

  • Nelson Eddy:  Born in 1901, Nelson Eddy was a famous American singer and actor.  He was well-known for his collaborations with Jeanette MacDonald, another famous singer of the era (51). 

  • Jeanette MacDonald:  Born in 1903, Jeanette MacDonald was a famous American singer and actress.  She was well-known for her collaborations with Nelson Eddy and her encouragement to women during WWII to help however they could manage (51). 

  • Joseph Alsop:  Alsop was a well-known American journalist and newspaper columnist from the 1930's to the 1970's (60). 

  • Cole Porter: Porter was an American songwriter and composer born in the late 1800's.  He is famous for being a contributor to The Great American Songbook (62). To view a detailed biography about Cole Porter's life and the life of his parents, please visit:

  • Main Street written by Sinclair (Red) Lewis: A fictionalized and satirical version of Sauk Centre (Lewis's home) published in 1920 (62).

  • Dwight D. Eisenhower:  Born in Texas, Eisenhower went on to become the 34th president of the United States and served two terms in which he helped launch the space race (63). To view and in-depth study of Eisenhower's military achievements, please visit:

  • WPA Guide to the States:  The Works Progress Administration (WPA), created by Franklin Delano Roosevelt, commissioned writers and artists to collect records from each state so that they could be preserved for future learning (103). To view a synopsis of the WPA and its purpose, please visit:

  • Heavenly Discourse - written by Charles Erskine Scott Wood:  Published in 1927, HeavenlyDiscourse is a collection of essays that portrays discussions between characters such as Mark Twain, God, and Teddy Roosevelt that were considered highly offensive and radical at the time.

  • Integration : Also known as racial integration, integration is the act or process of ending racial segregation.  It requires creating equal opportunities for people no matter what their race, and includes the mixing of multiple cultures instead of labeling people as racial minorities in a culture that is predominantly one race.  Integration is seen primarily as a social matter because of the social barriers that need to change before successful integration can occur.  

Setting | Character Summaries| Plot Synopsis | Critical Reception
Cultural References | Key Terms and Concepts